Date last updated: 15/05/2018
WHAT ARE COOKIES?
Cookies are small files which are installed in the hard disk or the browser of the computer, tablet, smartphone or equivalent device with functions for browsing on the Internet and, amongst other functions, helping to: personalise the services of the website owner, facilitate browsing and usability over this, obtain aggregated information of the website visitors, enable reproduction and visualisation of the multimedia content on the website itself, enable elements for interaction between the user and the website itself, enable security tools, etc.
- Web usability: this could be defined as a user’s experience when browsing, using and interacting with a web page
- Aggregated information: non-nominal information, typically numerical, for purposes of providing statistical information
- Terminal equipment: equipment (computer, smartphone, tablet, etc.) of the user browsing on the Internet
- Editor: data controller responsible for or owner of the web page
- Third party: an external or collaborating entity, service provider or connected with the editor, involved in the management of certain cookies
- Data controller for the cookie: the editor, data controller responsible for, or owner of the web page or even a third party in some cases
- Browsing habits: trends displayed by the user when browsing on a web page such as for example the time for which the page is visited, parts visited, most frequent sections, source of the visit, destination of the visit, amongst others.
WHAT TYPE OF COOKIES ARE THERE?
Depending on the organisation managing these:
Own cookies: these are the ones which are sent to the user’s terminal equipment from a system or domain managed by the editor itself and from which the service requested by the user is provided.
Third-party cookies: these are the type that are sent to the user’s terminal equipment from a system or domain not managed by the editor, but by another organisation processing the data obtained by means of the cookies.
Depending on the period of time for which these are activated in the terminal equipment:
Session cookies: a type of cookies designed to collect and store data while the user accesses a web page.
Persistent cookies: a type of cookies in which the data continues to be stored in the terminal and cannot be accessed and processed for a period defined by the person responsible for the cookie, and which may range from a few minutes to several years.
Depending on the purpose for which the data obtained through the cookies is processed:
Technical cookies: these are the ones enabling the user to browse on a web page, platform or application and to use the different options or services found on this, such as for example to control the traffic and communication of data, to identify the sessions, access parts with restricted access, to remember the elements forming part of an order, carry out the process for purchasing an order, make the application for registration or for participation in an event, use security elements during browsing, store content for video or sound diffusion or share content over social networks.
Personalisation cookies: these are the ones enabling the user to access the service with certain pre-set general characteristics depending on a number of criteria in the user terminal such as, for example, the language, the type of browser through which the service is accessed, the regional configuration from which the service is accessed, etc.
Analysis cookies: these are the ones enabling the party responsible for them to follow up and analyse the behaviour of users of web sites to which these are linked. The information compiled by this type of cookies is used in measuring the activity of web sites, application or platform and for preparing browsing profiles of the users of those sites, applications and platforms, for inserting enhancements based on the analysis of the use made by the users of the service.
Advertising cookies: these are the ones enabling the most efficient management possible of the advertising spaces which the editor may have included in a web page, application or platform from which the service requested is provided, based on such criteria as the content edited or the frequency with which the advertisements are displayed.
Behavioural advertising cookies: these are the ones enabling the most efficient management possible of the advertising spaces which the editor may possibly have included in a web page, application or platform from which the service requested is provided. These cookies store information on the behaviour of the users obtained through continuing observation of their browsing habits, which enables a specific profile to be developed to display advertising depending on this.
MORE SPECIFICALLY, WHAT COOKIES DO WE USE?
|Name of the cookie||Server/Domain from which this is sent||Purpose||Stay|
|__cfduid||Third parties’ Cloudflare||The __cfduid cookie is used to identify individual clients behind a shared IP address and apply security settings on a per-client basis.||This is a cookie remaining for 10 minutes|
|_ga||Third parties’ (google.com)||Used to distinguish users||This is a cookie remaining for 2 years or update|
|_gid||Third parties’ (google.com)||Used to distinguish users||This is a cookie remaining for 24 hours|
|_gat||Third parties’ (google.com)||Used to throttle request rate. If Google Analytics is deployed via Google Tag Manager, this cookie will be named _dc_gtm||This is a cookie remaining for 1 minute|
|cookie_notice_accepted, cookielawinfo-checkbox-non-necessary, SERVERIDXXX||Own||Indicates if the user has accepted cookies.||This is a cookie remaining for 6 months|
HOW CAN I DEACTIVATE COOKIES?
Blocking or deactivating all the cookies helps to protect privacy but it may also limit the user experience on some web sites, as well as limiting functionalities or even not allowing proper browsing or use of some of its services. If you wish to know how to deactivate the cookies in the most popular web browsers, please look at the following tutorials: